Forum Implantologicum 12 (2016), No. 2 16. Nov. 2016
Peri-implant mucosal recessions are a common complication in implant dentistry and usually occur at later stages following implant placement thus negatively affecting oral hygiene measures, esthetics and, subsequently, patient satisfaction. Despite its increasing prevalence, the scientific evidence for the treatment possibilities of peri-implant mucosal recessions is still extremely limited. The aim of the present paper is, therefore, to review the potential etiological factors, the rationale for treatment and possible treatment options for facial peri-implant mucosal recessions.The limited available data suggest that only shallow periimplant mucosal recessions (e.g. up to 2 mm) may be successfully covered by using a coronally advanced flap (CAF) combined with either a subepithelial connective tissue graft (SGCT) or GBR. At present no data are available on successful coverage of deep and large peri-implant mucosal recessions.
Keywords: Dental implants, mucosal recessions, recession coverage