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Forum Implantologicum



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Forum Implantologicum 14 (2018), No. 2     16. Nov. 2018
Forum Implantologicum 14 (2018), No. 2  (16.11.2018)

Page 102-115

Medical Conditions and Age-Specific Risk Factors for Implant Therapy in Elderly Patients
Barter, Stephen / Müller, Frauke
The global burden of ageing also presents a challenge for dentistry. our patients are becoming older and losing their natural teeth later in life. It is widely acknowledged that advanced age alone is not a contraindication for implants; it is the chronic conditions of the older patient, the treatments and side effects, as well as concomitant functional impairment that may limit the survival and success rates of dental implants. For many chronic conditions, the evidence in relation to implant survival is lacking or inconsistent, for example in osteoporosis and diabetes. other conditions show similar implant survival rates to younger adults. In patients having undergone radiotherapy, implant survival rates appear lower. The only absolute contraindication for implant placement is anti-resorptive therapy in the treatment of bone metastases. In addition to risks related to chronic conditions, functional impairment, oral hygiene, immunosenescence, and patient compliance should be considered. For example, complex sophisticated reconstructions should be simplified in good time and overdenture retention adjusted to aid autonomous denture management. The decision whether or not to provide dental implant treatment to the ageing patient, even with multiple morbidities and a complex pharmcotherapeutic regime, cannot be based on the predicted outcome in terms of implant survival or success alone. It requires due consideration of the patient's life expectancy and the potential increase in quality of life, weighed against the morbidity of the procedure itself as well as potential adverse effects on the activities of daily life.

Keywords: medical conditions, medications, ageing, dental implant, polypharmacy, multimorbidity